All Are Prime

All Are Prime

In the Universe of Equations, Virtually All Are Prime

Equations, like numbers, cannot always be split into simpler elements. Researchers have now proved that such “prime” equations become ubiquitous as equations grow larger.

Prime numbers get all the love. They’re the stars of countless popular stories, and they feature in the most celebrated open questions in mathematics. But there’s another mathematical phenomenon that’s almost as foundational, yet receives far less attention: prime equations.

These are equations — polynomial equations in particular — that can’t be divided by any other equations. Like prime numbers, they’re at the heart of a wide range of research areas in mathematics. For many particular problems, if you can understand something about the prime equations, you’ll find you’ve answered the question you actually set out to solve.

“When we have a question, we can reduce it to some knowledge about prime numbers,” said Lior Bary-Soroker of Tel Aviv University. “Exactly the same thing happens with polynomials.”

Just as with prime numbers, the most basic thing to know about prime equations is: How often do they occur? Over the last year mathematicians have made considerable progress on answering that question. In a paper posted at the end of October, Emmanuel Breuillardand Péter Varjú of the University of Cambridge proved that virtually all equations of a certain type are prime.

This means that unlike prime numbers, which are scarce, prime equations are abundant. The new paper solves a 25-year-old conjecture and has implications everywhere from online encryption to the mathematics of randomness.

More Ways to Fail

Many questions in mathematics boil down to questions about polynomial equations. These are the kinds of equations — like y = 2x − 3 and y = x2 + 5x + 6 — that consist of variables raised to some power with coefficients in front.

These equations behave just like ordinary numbers in many respects: You can add, subtract, multiply and divide them. And as with numbers, it’s natural to ask which equations can be expressed as a product of two smaller equations.1

When an equation cannot be divided into two smaller equations, mathematicians say that it’s irreducible. Mathematicians would like to know how often irreducible polynomial equations occur.

Trying to make statements about the frequency of irreducible polynomials among all possible polynomials — equations with any number of variables, raised to any power, with any coefficients — is hard. So mathematicians have attacked narrower versions of the question, by restricting the exponents (looking at polynomials with no variables raised higher than the fifth power, for example) or limiting the coefficients to a narrow range. In October 2017 Bary-Soroker and Gady Kozma, a mathematician at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, proved that virtually all polynomials with a certain restricted range of coefficients are irreducible.

Breuillard and Varjú solved a slightly different problem. They considered polynomials of any length, with any exponents, and with any coefficients (the only restriction being that the list of possible coefficients is finite).

Breuillard and Varjú’s method gave them access to a much simpler problem. In 1993, Andrew Odlyzko, a mathematician now at the University of Minnesota, and Bjorn Poonen, now at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, conjectured that as you consider increasingly complicated polynomials with the constraint that their coefficients must be either 0 or 1, equations that can be factored become vanishingly rare in the sea of “prime” polynomials. Odlyzko and Poonen’s conjecture, by restricting polynomials to just two coefficients, was an effort to gain a foothold in an overwhelming question.

“If you want to study something and you can’t prove a lot of things, it’s good to start with something simple,” Bary-Soroker said.

Their conjecture was also motivated by basic arithmetic. Prime numbers are common among the first 10 numbers but grow ever rarer after that. To be prime, a number needs to avoid being divisible by any whole number smaller than itself (save the number 1). As numbers get bigger, the list of numbers that could divide them grows longer — there are more ways primality can fail in big numbers than in small numbers.

With polynomials, a different dynamic is at work. In order for a polynomial to be factorable, its coefficients have to stand in just the right relationship with one another. The polynomial y = x2 + 5x + 6 can be factored into (x + 3) × (x + 2) only because there happen to be two numbers (2 and 3) that you can add to make the second coefficient (5) and multiply to make the third coefficient (6). Polynomials with more terms have a more complicated set of demands that the coefficients must fulfill. Finding factors that satisfy all the coefficients become less likely as the number of coefficients grows.

“For a polynomial to be reducible you have to have a coincidence, some special relations among the coefficients,” Odlyzko said. “With a high-degree polynomial you have more relations that have to be satisfied.”

Random Walks

Breuillard and Varjú did not set out to study polynomial irreducibility. Instead, they were interested in the mathematics of a random walk. In this random walk, imagine yourself standing on a clock face, with the numbers 1 through 11 marked out at regular intervals. You start at the spot corresponding to 1 and flip a coin: Tails, you multiply the number you’re on by some other number you’ve chosen ahead of time, then advance to the corresponding spot on the circle. (In such clock or “modular” number systems, if the outcome is a number greater than 11, you just keep going around the clock until you’ve advanced the required number of spaces.) If the coin flip comes up heads, you multiply the number you’re on by your preselected number, add one, and advance to the corresponding spot.

Lucy Reading-Ikkanda/Quanta Magazine

Given these conditions, Breuillard and Varjú wanted to understand two things: How long will it take for you to visit every point on the circle? And how long will it take for you to visit every point approximately the same number of times?

These questions are known to mathematicians as the “mixing problem,” and they turn out to have something to do with polynomial irreducibility. Breuillard and Varjú recognized that the paths of a random walk can be described by a polynomial equation with 0 and 1 as coefficients. The “mixing time” of the random walk is closely related to whether or not most of the polynomials describing that random walk are irreducible.

“We observed that we could say something about the kinds of questions we wanted to understand if we knew whether these polynomials were irreducible,” Varjú said.

To test for irreducibility, Breuillard and Varjú adapted a technique developed in the 1980s that links irreducibility to number theory. They wanted to know how many solutions a given polynomial has in a given modular number system. Previous work had shown that the number of solutions a polynomial has reflects the number of factors. So if it has three solutions on average across modular number systems, it has three factors. Just one solution? Then one factor. And if a polynomial has just one factor, that means it’s irreducible.

Using this method, applied to modular number systems based on prime numbers, Breuillard and Varjú proved that as you consider larger and larger polynomials (with coefficients of 0 or 1), the proportion of polynomials that is irreducible gets closer and closer to 100 percent.

Their proof has a caveat. It depends on the truth of another conjecture: the Riemann hypothesis, the most important and daunting unsolved problem in mathematics. But the Riemann hypothesis is widely accepted, which buoys Breuillard and Varjú’s work.

Their result has wide-ranging implications. On a practical level, it’s good if not unexpected news for online encryption, since factorable polynomials could undermine a commonly used digital encryption scheme. Maybe more importantly, it’s a big step toward understanding the nature of these equations, which abound in life and math but are hard to characterize in totality.

“Previous estimates for the fraction of these polynomials [that are irreducible] were much weaker,” Odlyzko said. “Now these guys say practically all of them are irreducible.”

Posted by Sc13t4, 0 comments
A New Physics that Explains the Soul

A New Physics that Explains the Soul

Experiencing the Soul

Our experience of seeing, remembering and visualizing all hinge on the ability of the mind to place our awareness at the center of a spherical reality that converts incoming sensory information from our eyes, memory and imagination into a manipulable visual construct.

The visual aspect of our being is a only a part of total sensory input, but pivotal to understanding how we survive death and return again and again to complete our goals for living. We call it the soul, and it has two important qualities that seem very different during analysis. First there is the ability to contain the experience of living and review it, whether it is a moment later or many lifetimes in the past. Second and most important is that we remain at the center of the experience at all times, somehow we are able to observe those experiences regardless of the events that created them.

Clearly our memories are not who we are, only the record that tells where we have been and what we have done. Who is it that does the observing? How does it work that this capability remains constant throughout our experience of being conscious?

Today’s scientific tool kit depends on the ideas of Quantum Physics in order to deal with much of the evidence gathered by researchers, but those tools leave us stranded without answers for so many questions that no-one  seems to be able to present the sort of working hypothesis that gains easy acceptance. None of the proposals to understand the hard problem of consciousness really nails it.

When we have a mathematical tool that enables us to make sense of the brain and nervous system, the existence and nature of the Soul becomes obvious. This new tool must be able to subsume existing physics, able to explain them in its own context.

Descriptive math tools rely on equations that model atomic structures by their motion when accelerated by impacts or deflected by various fields. Motion is the key to understanding most physics and statistical modeling of experimental results accounts for most of the other types of descriptive math.

These systems rely on materiality for all of the effects accounted for in their models.

So how can we model what came before matter?

Rather that explain old models we will discuss a new model that works. The idea that the creation began at a single point in time with an Event, similar to the Big Bang, can be assumed to be the insertion of energy into a vast Void where it defined itself and began interacting with its defined parts.

A math to describe this process must be able to explain the creation of SpaceTime, matter, light, black holes and consciousness as the result of the same rules that originated SpaceTime. Examining what is reported to exist at the edge of Black Holes leads us to work with the idea of Event Horizons, the supposed ring around them where matter is beyond escape.

This energy level is the basis of the new model, for it is logically assumed that what can exist at the edge of the Void must be limited to only  one value, after all where would multiple expressions originate?

The mathematical assumption is that the primeval conditions require that the Black Hole be treated as a Zero and its effect within an energetic disturbance in the Void as a One.

The existence of a Void point, or black hole is described using just one measure to define its length and position around the Void Point, creating a tetrahedral structure with four equidistant legs of the same length. This is the sole expression upon which the new model depends.

Using this tetrahedral unit we can describe the quantum foam that permeates the value region at the smallest expression in SpaceTime. More than that we can define a stable cluster of these units which would exist as the result of their pulsation, a twenty unit cluster composed entirely of Event Horizon values able to measure the space around them and reduce it toward its combined center.

This is the SCIET  (Single Cycle Integrative Effect Topology)

Like the primeval Quantum Foam, the SCIET disappears into itself in a quantum unit of time. Unlike the Foam, the SCIET creates a “foot print” in SpaceTime in the form of a reduction of its own existence toward its own center.

The SCIET can be considered a record of the space from which it formed, a sort of Event Horizon Pixel that accumulates to create in composite a vision of where it has been. The original creation Event is a SCIET that defined the space within which it began and reduced itself until it reached the limits of its defined substrate.

What is SpaceTime?

Spacetime sits like a cloud of definition in a sea of potential, floating dependently while providing a basis for effects that require both for their existence. The cloud of definition allows time, before and after, while also enabling a dynamic, highly energetic environment for the evolution of matter, life and consciousness.

In order for the SCIET to exist, the nature of the Void must be crystalline, making it react to intersecting lines of change by forming a new point, which must also be a SCIET.

The SCIET, the new model is a mathematical atom underlying everything within the creation. It is holographic, providing a means to define SpaceTime, giving a unique identity to all locations within it and establishes a baseline for energetic events within it. As such it represents the basis for the evolution of complex forms from an initial structure like a seed or egg.

The SCIET is always the result of any change in relationship between two points in SpaceTime. This means that the ability of life to adjust to its movements through space stimulates the creation of SCIETs toward the center of the moving living being. What is being said here is that all incoming information to the nervous system is in the form of the SCIET, which is best understood in current perception as a stream of Event Horizon Pixels being processed by the nervous system and brain.

SCIET Resonance and the Formation Spheres

Here we need to move on to the discussion of what happens when two SCIETs resonate with one another.

The ephemeral nature of the SCIET, composed of Event Horizon Pixels, reacts to other SCIETs that match its values.

Returning to the idea of reduction to the center, the intersection of two SCIETs becomes a midpoint, returning a value toward the center of each SCIET. The calculation to find this common denominator value is well known, for it is understood from deep antiquity as the means to determine a shared value created from two that share only their original value in common. It is the same as that used for the Pythagorean Theorem. The square root of A squared plus B squared.

From the midpoint of the intersection of two SCIETs a continuous stream of values is sent toward the center of each.

Addressing the idea of point and line must find a beginning for either of them to exist, and this is where

As described above, the current physical models use the effects of matter to create their mathematics, but these models test qualities that move through space, and it is the capability of Spacetime illustrated by those models that we can use to propose how the nervous system and brain interact with the mind and create consciousness.

The most important idea commonly understood is that matter deflects spacetime, warps it to cause light to bend as it moves toward and past it. It is assumed that this quality is basic to matter in SpaceTime, even at the subatomic level. A general concept taken from this is that matter possesses a quality that affects the SpaceTime around it like a spherical field effect much like gravity is described as being directly proportional to the distance from the center of a mass. The behavior of electro-magnetism as it moves through SpaceTime is also important to understanding what can exist in Spacetime before matter.  The corkscrew motion of electromagnetic waves needs to be explained in this context, why it occurs and what it has to do with the deflection of Spacetime by matter.

At this point the existence of the “Luminiferous Aether” rises like a specter from the earliest theoretical discussions of Einstein and his generation.

Einstein built his Special Relativity using a model of SpaceTime that did not refer to the Aether, and the model of mind and consciousness here does not need the Aether either.

Finding a way to define what can exist before matter, between the void and matter, is the key to understanding the nervous system and how is has evolved.

Using only lines and points we can measure and define a layer of field effects created from an expression of energy into the Void. This expression must be linear in origin, but holistic in its effects. All the assumptions related to its existence need to rely on the First Action.

The key to understanding this is SpaceTime.

The new physics needed to simulate the experience of the mind must define SpaceTime and how it leads to matter. Before matter and after the creation of SpaceTime is where the mystery of nervous system and consciousness will be found.

A new concept of modeling the formation of matter from the void holds the key to understanding the existence of the Soul. The “key” concept is used to explain how “holes-in-space” can resonate with one another. The original question and hypothesis began with the question “what is the structure of energy” basically asking the question “how does light stand still?”

The process of answering this question culminated with the idea of a new model of the “point”, one which would be able to describe any defined space from a universe to an electron or quanta of energy. Beginning with the ability to model the universe forced the larger question of how something could be created in a condition like the Void as described in existing physical models.

The Void within these models is without form or description, an emptiness without any possible measure, so how do you create something from nothing?

Well. obviously, you invoke the power of GOD! So I did just that. In this case its actually about invoking the common experience of meditation, a practice in which we are told to “go inward” and be in the silence of our internal reality. If you take tis idea into its logical extreme, then you can imagine that a great being, a sort of super meditator could go so deep that a state could be reached where no other being had ever ventured or entered.  It would be a state of mind without limitations except what the meditator defined. If you can imagine this situation then we can go to the next step.

The meditator would be at the center of their own potential universe, but within a larger reality of being already in existence.  So the meditator reaches this state and realizes it, only to ask “where I am I?” or to observe that this is a new space and that the meditator being is within it, at the center of it. Now the question of where am I is one of observation and this would require the meditator being to inquire of the new space about its conditions. So how would this happen? If we assume the meditator being possesses attention and focus then the question would have these qualities as well, so its search would begin with an outreach of curiosity, a probing beam of attention. In doing this the meditator being would bring the energy of its larger existence into this much more limited space, and this energy would be forced to contain itself in this limited realm.

So this sets the stage for a concept of God existing in the Awareness of being that is found within meditation. What is created by the inquiry is an energetic difference from the emptiness that existed when the meditator being arrived in the state. Now the question moves to “what happens when the energy of a larger existence enters the limited space of the meditators internal reality”.

To approach this question it is necessary to assume that the internal condition is the same as the Void of astrophysics, without form or reference at all. The only reference is the meditator bing at the center of its own field of internal awareness.

The SCIET and its first offspring the resonant SCIET Sphere, are a theoretical answer to the above questions. They are the product of reverse engineering nature over a period of more than twenty years using a vision inspired tool to sort all available data encountered in a constant search for the answer to these problems.

The SCIET is a product of the limitations of what could exist as the first thing in a limitless awareness, one that could be built up from the simplest possible variables. The energetic line of focus is where it begins and everything develops from that. The math to do this began simply from the observation the first two geometrical qualities had to be the point and the line, and so everything needed to emerge from these two. Since the point is essentially unapproachable, lines had to be used to describe where the point was located rather than the point itself. So the SCIET describes the space around a point, and provides a way to approach the point in ever smaller increments until it reaches the original Awareness where it began and still resides. Regardless of what measure you choose to define the line the last fractional increment can be the beginning of a new system, until the measure reaches its original starting size.

The practical use of this system is to establish a means to measure the change in position of any two points in relationship to their original positions.

Think of it this way: What happens when two points move relative to one another? Describe that change as an ongoing effect recorded within each of the two points.

So what is the Soul? The above describes the Awareness, an awareness originating from within the mind of a being who may be just like us, someone with a mind who decides to go within as deeply as possible and when there projects an intention that become the Universe we know.

The SCIET is a way to describe how external information is internalized, in fact it suggests a way and means for ALL information experienced to be internalized back to the original Awareness from which the Universe originated. As illustrated above all beings have at their center a connection to the original Awareness, a unique point at the center that connects them to the Source of Awareness that began the Universe.

The Soul is not the same as the Awareness though. The Soul has the Awareness at its center, and all of the experiences of a living being are contained by the Soul with the Awareness able to “be” anywhere within that  container of experiences.

So the Soul is a tool for the Awareness to gather and process experiences in order to grow the Awareness of the Universe.

Clearly the Soul exists as a result of the Creation of the Universe, and uses the same processes to exist as does the rest of the Creation, SpaceTime, Matter and consciousness are based on the same tool set used at the very beginning of the creation. A tool set that was fully existent before Matter appeared in SpaceTime.

Whoever truly examines what it means to “be” is soon forced to descend into the Awareness and ignore the stream of information that surrounds the material existence, focusing only on the Awareness. Just like the original Meditator that I described at the beginning of the article.

The SCIET answers the question of what the Soul is, and it answers what the tool is that allows the Awareness to accumulate memories of its experiences during its existence within this Universe.

The very same tool used to create matter or atoms, is used to create memories, in fact our brains are modeled to use this process to store memories and stream them toward the original Awareness at the center of our being.

The Soul is the product of the same process that converts the resonance between two Points of Awareness into a stream of information back the center of Awareness in each resonant point.

The key to understanding this is to see that when a stream of values approach the center, all of the energy they possess cannot go into a smaller state and the majority of it must remain within the value range that originated it. What is being said here is that incoming information is converted into an orbital condition around the center, basically forming a spherical impression of the incoming information.

The Awareness exists inside of a streaming image of what it is resonating with, a constantly changing version of what is surrounding it, laid down in multilayered tracks after bouncing off the center and going into orbit around the Awareness.

This is what happens when two points of awareness resonate, they create a synthesis of their experience and it is returned to each of them in a continuous stream. An atom has a limited range of experience and so lays down layer after layer of memories about where it is in relation to all other points of awareness around it.

A living being does the same thing, but in a more complex fashion. The Human Soul is created at the center of the living being’s complex of energy fields, a multidimensional creation containing the complete memory of the beings moment by moment experiences throughout the life it has lived, and it continues to record new experiences after it departs the body, but from a different set of resonant sources.

You are an Awareness at the center of your accumulated experiences, which are recorded holographically with you at the center, you have the ability to shift your point of reference within this sphere of memories and even resonate with external points of Awareness with whom you can match frequencies.

The Soul, then, is best understood as a Sphere of Memory with your Awareness at its center.

Recall what you have heard about Orbs of Light, translucent spheres that seem to float freely around some places and/or people. These spheres are vehicles of consciousness, sometime, but not always, aware of the presence of the living and their thoughts. After all, inside of each living being is a similar Orb storing all your experiences, and with the Awareness looking out from behind your eyes.

Dane Arr


Links from the web about the Soul

Does The Soul Exist? Evidence Says ‘Yes’ | Psychology Today    New scientific theory recognizes life’s spiritual dimension. The current scientific paradigm doesn’t recognize this spiritual dimension of life. We’re told we’re just the activity of carbon and some proteins; we live awhile and die. And the universe? It too has no meaning. It has all been worked out in the equations – no need for a soul. But biocentrism – a new ‘theory of everything’ – challenges this traditional, materialistic model of reality.

[Editor’s Note: This article gets to the point that most people agree on. Our experience does not support the notion that we are only 3D flesh and blood that disappears when the body dies.]

Souls do not Exist: Evidence from Science & Philosophy Against Mind …You don’t need scientific proof of the soul, neither do you need blind faith. You know it to exist just as you know your own existence. “Humans have falsely believed inferred that we have souls2and this idea has infused our folklore, cultures, myths, religions and has instructed our interpretation of dreams3. Souls and spirits do not exist. Our bodies run themselves. We know from cases of brain damage and the effects of psychoactive drugs, that our experiences are caused by physical chemistry acting on our physical neurones in our brains. Our innermost self is our biochemical self.”

[This article reeks of self important certainty, the author KNOWS that the soul is a self-delusion of weaklings unable to face the FACT that when you die… you are worm food, pure and simple. Definitely not a deep thinker.]

We Have Souls, and So Do Crows – Scientific American Blog Network  Our world, I suspect, teems with an infinitude of souls, human and inhuman, springing into being and vanishing moment by moment. How marvelous that is, and how terrible. These, at any rate, are my thoughts on the darkest day of the year.

[The author writes for the fun of it and finds the Soul an interesting topic. Unfortunately the ideas presented are as trivial as the soul he proposes to write about.]

Proof of the Soul | HuffPost    Dec 21, 2017 – Maybe because it’s Winter Solstice, the darkest and hence most spiritual time of year, I’ve been thinking about souls. By soul I mean essence. In fact, my face had been providing “proof positive” that the soul or spirit—whatever you want to call it—exists all along. And what is this proof? I don’t feel any different now, checking out the gathering storm of wrinkles on my face, than I did as a teenager, checking out the zits depressing my chances at getting a Saturday night date.

[Interesting approach to a discussion about the Soul. The idea that we possess a timeless self-awareness regardless of the age of the body is a good observation that does evoke in the reader a sort of self analysis of “Who am I really?” Nice.]

Seven Proofs for the Natural Immortality of the Human Soul : 
…Interestingly enough, Dr. Anthony Flew, who coauthored There is a God: How the World’s Most Notorious Ateist Changed His Mind, also never came to accept the immortality of the human soul. And this is a truth that is knowable by the natural light of reason apart from revelation. This makes me wonder if this may well have been the linchpin that, if understood and accepted, might have completed the foundation for Dr. Flew upon which the entirety of the revelation of God may well have been able to rest. Perhaps then Dr. Flew would have been able to accept the further light of revelation?

The Hard Road to Evidence of a Human Soul |   So for my first four proofs for the immortality of the soul, I am going to demonstrate it by showing the soul to be “spiritual” in nature.  …one of the first real attempts to scientifically quantify a soul and prove its existence was carried out in 1901 by a Massachusetts physician named Duncan MacDougall. He reasoned that if humans did indeed have a soul, then this soul must have some weight that can be detected and measured, no matter how insubstantial or unseen it is. To test out this hypothesis he went about measuring the weight of tuberculosis patients both before and just after they died. After performing this analysis on 6 of these patients, MacDougal did see a change in weight, and came to the conclusion that the soul leaving the body after death weighed ¾ of an ounce, or 21 grams.

Science of the Soul? ‘I Think, Therefore I Am’ Is Losing Force – …Many have attempted to delve past the philosophical debate of the meaning of life and the human soul and try to actually find concrete …Pope John Paul II made the point in 1996, in a message to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, an advisory group to the Vatican. Noting that since 1950 evolution had become “more than a hypothesis,” he added that considering the mind as emerging merely from physical phenomena was “incompatible with the truth about man.”

Soul Proof – If you really knew . . . how would you live?  
How would you live if you really knew that you are a timeless being of of energy, an indestructible soul, an infinite being of consciousness?

Science has nothing to tell us about the soul? I disagree | Andrew …  Researchers say they have found proof that humans have souls. … Life After Death Proved By Scientists? When Does the Soul Enter the Body? Can science tell us anything about the soul? A lovely clear answer came from Iain McGilchrist, talking at the RSA this week. “No,” he said, and the room filled with laughter, not entirely kindly. He had been responding to a questioner who wanted to know whether the increasing sophistication of brain imaging would not reveal the soul to be an illusion, an unnecessary imprecision.  “To expect that we will find something in the brain that corresponds with the soul is just crass,” he said. The moderator, Jonathan Rowson, pressed him: “Is it the case that science can help us understand better what the soul is?” “No,” said McGilchrist…

Can Science Prove The Existence Of The Soul? – … It seems that someone is afraid that the true nature of consciousness could be discovered; that it is the creator of everything that exists, because this consciousness is the same consciousness that we all use in perception and understanding, there are no more different consciousnesses, consciousness is one in the essence of the entire existence, only individual beings use it individually..

Is There Proof of a Spiritual Universe? – Eben Alexander offering proof of our soul from medical studies of Near Death Experiences. In many of these studies, blind people can see and some see for long after.  The first book about my NDE, Proof of Heaven: A Neurosurgeon’s Journey into the Afterlife (2012), hit a resounding chord with readers around the world, and yet I felt that the title prevented some in the scientific community from reading the book. Those who have read it realize that it is a commentary on the nature of the mind-brain relationship, and especially of the fundamental nature of consciousness itself. While my story certainly supports the reality of an afterlife, the book is far from being just a discourse on “heaven.”

Can Science Prove Souls Exist? | Futurism    There is a soul. Ironically, it was the skeptical world of science that has helped prove the theological doctrine of the spiritual world. The moment of astral disembodiment in which the energy of the soul leaves the body has been captured by legendary Russian scientist, Konstantin Korotkov. A bio-electrographic camera was utilized to photograph an individual at the exact time of death. Using the gas discharge visualization method, an advanced technique of Kirlian photography shows the life force of the person leaving the body gradually.  According to Korotkov, the navel, and the head, are the parts of the body to first lose their life force, or rather, their soul. The groin and the heart are the last two areas of the body where the spirit resides before finally heading on to the great unknown. Korotkov has speculated that “the soul” of those who suffer a violent and unexpected death, may manifest itself in a state of confusion in your power settings and return to the body in the days post death. Although this is a frightening notion, the surplus of unused energy must find a home before it can gradually enter the energy fields that surround us. Korotkov says that this energy imaging technique could be used to watch all kinds of imbalances biophysical and diagnose in real time and also to show if a person does have psychic powers or is a fraud. The SyFy channel show, Ghost Hunters, employs similar equipment for determining the validity of paranormal activity.

Scientific Evidence for a Soul – YouTube… being of energy, an indestructible soul, an infinite being of consciousness? … searching for sensible, evidence-based answers to your biggest questions about  …

Scientists Find Proof that Humans Have Souls – YouTube    The non-material nature, yet dominant role, of information in biology provides scientific evidence for the ‘soul’.

Posted by Sc13t4, 0 comments
‘Quantum Atmospheres’ May Reveal Secrets of Matter

‘Quantum Atmospheres’ May Reveal Secrets of Matter

A new theory proposes that the quantum properties of an object extend into an “atmosphere” that surrounds the material.

Over the past several years, some materials have proved to be a playground for physicists. These materials aren’t made of anything special — just normal particles such as protons, neutrons and electrons. But they are more than the sum of their parts. These materials boast a range of remarkable properties and phenomena and have even led physicists to new phases of matter — beyond the solid, gas and liquid phases we’re most familiar with.

One class of material that especially excites physicists is the topological insulator — and, more broadly, topological phases, whose theoretical foundations earned their discoverers a Nobel Prize in 2016. On the surface of a topological insulator, electrons flow smoothly, while on the inside, electrons are immobile. Its surface is thus a metal-like conductor, yet its interior is a ceramic-like insulator. Topological insulators have drawn attention for their unusual physics as well as for their potential use in quantum computers and so-called spintronic devices, which utilize electrons’ spins as well as their charge.

But such exotic behaviors aren’t always obvious. “You can’t just tell easily by looking at the material in conventional ways whether it has these kinds of properties,” said Frank Wilczek, a physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and winner of the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics.

This means a host of seemingly ordinary materials might harbor hidden — yet unusual and possibly useful — properties. In a paper recently posted online, Wilczek and Qing-Dong Jiang, a physicist at Stockholm University, propose a new way to discover such properties: by probing a thin aura that surrounds the material, something they’ve dubbed a quantum atmosphere.

Some of a material’s fundamental quantum properties could manifest in this atmosphere, which physicists could then measure. If confirmed in experiments, not only would this phenomenon be one of only a few macroscopic consequences of quantum mechanics, Wilczek said, but it could also be a powerful tool for exploring an array of new materials.

“Had you asked me if something like this could occur, I would’ve said that seems like a reasonable idea,” said Taylor Hughes, a condensed matter theorist at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. But, he added, “I would imagine the effect to be very small.” In the new analysis, however, Jiang and Wilczek calculated that, in principle, a quantum atmospheric effect would be well within the range of detectability.

Not only that, Wilczek said, but detecting such effects may be achievable sooner rather than later.

A Zone of Influence

A quantum atmosphere, Wilczek explained, is a thin zone of influence around a material. According to quantum mechanics, a vacuum isn’t completely empty; rather, it’s filled with quantum fluctuations. For example, if you take two uncharged plates and bring them together in a vacuum, only quantum fluctuations with wavelengths shorter than the distance between the plates can squeeze between them. Outside the plates, however, fluctuations of all wavelengths can fit. The energy outside will be greater than inside, resulting in a net force that pushes the plates together. Called the Casimir effect, this phenomenon is similar to the influence from a quantum atmosphere, Wilczek said.

Just as a plate feels a stronger force as it nears another one, a needlelike probe would feel an effect from the quantum atmosphere as it approaches a material. “It’s just like any atmosphere,” Wilczek said. “You get close to it, and you start to see its influence.” And the nature of that influence depends on the quantum properties of the material itself.

Photo of antimony

Antimony can behave as a topological insulator — a material that acts as an insulator everywhere except across its surface.

Rob Lavinsky

Those properties can be extraordinary. Certain materials act like their own universes with their own physical laws, as if comprising what’s recently been called a materials multiverse. “A very important idea in modern condensed matter physics is that we’re in possession of these materials — say, a topological insulator — which have different sets of rules inside,” said Peter Armitage, a condensed matter physicist at Johns Hopkins University.

Some materials, for example, harbor objects that act as magnetic monopoles — point-like magnets with a north pole but no south pole. Physicists have also detected so-called quasiparticles with fractional electric charge and quasiparticles that act as their own antimatter, with the ability to annihilate themselves.

If similarly exotic properties exist in other materials, they could reveal themselves in quantum atmospheres. You could, in principle, discover all sorts of new properties simply by probing the atmospheres of materials, Wilczek said.

To demonstrate their idea, Jiang and Wilczek focused on an unorthodox set of rules called axion electrodynamics, which could give rise to unique properties. Wilczek came up with the theory in 1987 to describe how a hypothetical particle called an axion would interact with electricity and magnetism. (Physicists had previously proposed the axion as a solution to one of physics’ biggest unsolved questions: why interactions involving the strong force are the same even when particles are swapped with their antiparticles and reflected in a mirror, preserving so-called charge and parity symmetry.) To this day, no one has found any evidence that axions exist, even though they’ve recently garnered renewed interest as a candidate for dark matter.

While these rules don’t seem to be valid in most of the universe, it turns out they can come into play inside a material such as a topological insulator. “The way electromagnetic fields interact with these new kinds of matter called topological insulators is basically the same way they would interact with a collection of axions,” Wilczek said.

Diamond Defects

If a material such as a topological insulator obeys axion electrodynamics, its quantum atmosphere could induce a telltale effect on anything that crosses into the atmosphere. Jiang and Wilczek calculated that such an effect would be similar to that of a magnetic field. In particular, they found that if you were to place some system of atoms or molecules in the atmosphere, their quantum energy levels would be altered. A researcher could then measure these altered levels using standard laboratory techniques. “It’s kind of an unconventional but a quite interesting idea,” said Armitage.

One such potential system is a diamond probe imbued with features called nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers. An NV center is a type of defect in a diamond’s crystal structure where some of the diamond’s carbon atoms are swapped out for nitrogen atoms, and where the spot adjacent to the nitrogen is empty. The quantum state of this system is highly sensitive, allowing NV centers to sniff out even very weak magnetic fields. This property makes them powerful sensors that can be used for a variety of applications in geology and biology.

“This is a nice proof of principle,” Hughes said. One application, he added, could be to map out a material’s properties. By passing an NV center across a material like a topological insulator, you can determine how its properties may vary along the surface.

Jiang and Wilczek’s paper, which they have submitted to Physical Review Letters, details only the quantum atmospheric influence derived from axion electrodynamics. To determine how other kinds of properties affect an atmosphere, Wilczek said, you would have to do different calculations.

Breaking Symmetries

Fundamentally, the properties that quantum atmospheres unmask are symmetries. Different phases of matter, and the properties unique to a phase, can be thought of in terms of symmetry. In a solid crystal, for example, atoms are arranged in a symmetric lattice that shifts or rotates to form an identical crystal pattern. When you apply heat, however, the bonds break, the lattice structure collapses, and the material — now a liquid with markedly different properties — loses its symmetry.

Materials can break other fundamental symmetries such as the time-reversal symmetry that most laws of physics obey. Or phenomena may be different when looked at in the mirror, a violation of parity symmetry.

Whether these symmetries are broken in a material could signify previously unknown phase transitions and potentially exotic properties. A material with certain broken symmetries would induce the same violations in a probe that’s inside its quantum atmosphere, Wilczek said. For example, in a material that adheres to axion electrodynamics, time and parity symmetry are each broken, but the combination of the two is not. By probing a material’s atmosphere, you could learn whether it follows this symmetry-breaking pattern and to what extent — and thus what bizarre behaviors it may have, he said.

“Some materials will be secretly breaking symmetries that we didn’t know about and that we didn’t suspect,” he said. “They seem very innocent, but somehow they’ve been hiding in secret.”

Wilczek said he’s already talked with experimentalists who are interested in testing the idea. What’s more, he said, experiments should be readily feasible, hopefully coming to fruition not in years, but in only weeks and months.

If everything works out, then the term “quantum atmosphere” may find a permanent spot in the physics lexicon. Wilczek has previously coined terms like axions, anyons (quasiparticles that may be useful for quantum computing) and time crystals (structures that move in regular and repeating patterns without using energy). He has a good track record of coming up with names that stick, Armitage said. “‘Quantum atmospheres’ is another good one.”

Posted by Sc13t4, 0 comments
What Quantum Theory Reveals To Us About The Nature of Reality

What Quantum Theory Reveals To Us About The Nature of Reality

  • The Facts:Quantum physics has revealed astonishing discoveries, many of which challenge many long-held belief systems. It opens up discussions into metaphysical realities, and are thus labelled as mere interpretations due to the vastness of their implication.
  • Reflect On:For a long time, authorities have suppressed ideas that are different, even if backed by evidence. Who is deciding what information gets out and is confirmed in the public domain? Who decides to establish something as ‘fact’ within the mainstream?

“I regard consciousness as fundamental. I regard matter as derivative from consciousness. We cannot get behind consciousness. Everything that we talk about, everything that we regard as existing, postulates consciousness.”  – Max Planck, the originator of Quantum theory.

Basically, it means each photon individually goes through both slits at the same time and interferes with itself, but it also goes through one slit, and it goes through the other, it also goes through neither of them. The single piece of matter becomes a “wave” of potentials, expressing itself as multiple possibilities, which is why we get the interference pattern. How can a single piece of matter exist and express itself in multiple states without any physical properties until it is measured or observed?

The article in Scientific American states, “some have even used it (the double slit experiment) to argue that the quantum world is influenced by human consciousness, giving our minds an agency and a place in the ontology of the universe. But does this simple experiment really make such a case?”

I stopped reading there for the simple fact that it’s not only this experiment but hundreds, if not thousands of other studies within the realms of quantum physics and parapsychology that clearly show that at some degree, our physical material reality is influenced by consciousness, in more ways than one, and this is not really trivial or a mere interpretation…

This is emphasized by a number of researchers who have conducted the experiment, as well as all of the founding people of quantum theory. A paper published in Physics Essays, for example, explains how the experiment has been used a number of times to explore the role of consciousness in shaping the nature of physical reality, it concluded that factors associated with consciousness “significantly” correlated in predicted ways with perturbations in the double-slit interference pattern. Again, here, scientists affected the results of the experiment by simply observing it.

Observation not only disturbs what has to be measured, they produce it. We compel the electron to assume a definite position, We ourselves produce the results of the measurement.”

The paper showed that meditators were able to collapse quantum systems at a distance through intention alone. The lead author of the study points out that a “5 sigma” result was able to give CERN the Nobel Prize in 2013 for finding the Higgs particle (which turned out not to be Higgs after all). In this study, they also received a 5 sigma result when testing meditators against non-meditators in collapsing the quantum wave function. This means that mental activity, the human mind,  attention, and intention, which are a few labels under the umbrella of consciousness, compelled physical matter to act in a certain way.

Perhaps the strongest point to illustrate the fact that consciousness and our physical material reality are intertwined are black budget special access programstudies that have been conducted by multiple governments worldwide for decades. In these programs, various phenomena are studied within the realms of quantum physics and parapsychology and have been confirmed, tested and used in the field. We’re talking about telepathy, remote viewing and much more. There are even classified documents pertaining to human beings with special abilities, who are able to alter physical material matter using their mind, as well as peer-reviewed research, here’s one example. There is also the health connection, theplacebo effect, and the mind-body connection which further prove that consciousness and physical material reality are intertwined.  When it comes to parapsychology, the science behind it is stronger than the science we used to approve some of our medications…(source)

This is precisely why the American Institutes for Research concluded:

The statistical results of the studies examined are far beyond what is expected by chance. Arguments that these results could be due to methodological flaws in the experiments are soundly refuted. Effects of similar magnitude to those found in government-sponsored research at SRI and SAIC have been replicated at a number of laboratories across the world. Such consistency cannot be readily explained by claims of flaws or fraud.

It was not possible to formulate the laws of quantum mechanics in a fully consistent way without reference to consciousness. – Eugene Wigner, theoretical physicist and mathematician

There is also distant healing, and studies conducted showing what human attention can do to not just a piece of matter, but to another human body. If you want to learn more about this kind of thing, a great place to start is at The Institute of Noetic Sciences. I recently wrote about a study that found healing energy was able to be stored and treat cancer cells, you can read more about that here.

There is no doubt about it, consciousness does have an effect on our physical material world, what type of effect is not as well understood, but we know there is one and it shouldn’t really be called into question, especially by in an article published in Scientific American. 

At the end of the nineteenth century, physicists discovered empirical phenomena that could not be explained by classical physics. This led to the development, during the 1920s and early 1930s, of a revolutionary new branch of physics called quantum mechanics (QM). QM has questioned the material foundations of the world by showing that atoms and subatomic particles are not really solid objects—they do not exist with certainty at definite spatial locations and definite times. Most importantly, QM explicitly introduced the mind into its basic conceptual structure since it was found that particles being observed and the observer—the physicist and the method used for observation—are linked. According to one interpretation of QM, this phenomenon implies that the consciousness of the observer is vital to the existence of the physical events being observed, and that mental events can affect the physical world. The results of recent experiments support this interpretation. These results suggest that the physical world is no longer the primary or sole component of reality, and that it cannot be fully understood without making reference to the mind. – Dr Gary Schwartz, Dr. Gary Schwartz, professor of psychology, medicine, neurology, psychiatry, and surgery at the University of Arizona

How Does This Apply To Our Lives & Our World In General?

This kind of thing has moved beyond just simple interpretation, and we also have examples from the black budget, like the STARGATE program, and real-world examples that what is discovered at the quantum scale is indeed important and relevant, and does apply in many cases to larger scales. People with ‘special abilities’ as mentioned above is one example, and technology that utilized quantum physics is another example, like the ones this Ex Lockheed executive describes, or this one. This type of stuff moved out of the theoretical realm a long time ago, yet again, it’s not really acknowledged. Another example would be over-unity energy, which utilized the non-physical properties of physical matter. You can read more and find out more information about that machine, here and here.

What we have today, is scientific dogma.

The modern scientific worldview is predominantly predicated on assumptions that are closely associated with classical physics. Materialism—the idea that matter is the only reality—is one of these assumptions. A related assumption is a reductionism, the notion that complex things can be understood by reducing them to the interactions of their parts, or to simpler or more fundamental things such as tiny material particles. During the 19th century, these assumptions narrowed, turned into dogmas, and coalesced into an ideological belief system that came to be known as “scientific materialism.” This belief system implies that the mind is nothing but the physical activity of the brain and that our thoughts cannot have any effect on our brains and bodies, our actions, and the physical world. –  Lisa Miller, Ph.D., Columbia University. 

So, why is this not acknowledge or established? That consciousness clearly has an effect on our physical material reality? Because, simply, we’re going against belief systems here. This and other types of discoveries bring into play and confirm a metaphysical reality, one that’s been ridiculed by many, especially authoritarian figures, for years.

When something questions our collective established beliefs, no matter how repeatable the results, it’s always going to be greeted with false claims and harsh reactions, we’re simply going through that transition now.

Despite the unrivalled empirical success of quantum theory, the very suggestion that it may be literally true as a description of nature is still greeted with cynicism, incomprehension and even anger. (T. Folger, “Quantum Shmantum”; Discover 22:37-43, 2001)

Today, it’s best to keep an open mind, as new findings are destroying what we previously thought to be true. The next step for science is taking a spiritual leap, because that’s what quantum physics is showing us, and it’s clearly far from a mere interpretation. Our thoughts, feelings, emotions, perceptions and more all influence physical reality. This is why it’s so important to focus on our own state of being, feeling good, and in the simplest form, just being a nice person.

The very fact that these findings have metaphysical and spiritual revelations is exactly what forces one to instantaneously throw the ‘pseudoscience’ label at it. Instead of examining and addressing the evidence, the skeptic uses ridicule to de-bunk something they do not believe in, sort of like what mainstream media tends to do these days quite a bit.

So why is this significant? Well, it’s significant because planet Earth is made up of a huge collection of billions of minds. If consciousness does have an effect on our physical material reality, that means in some sense, we are all co-creating our human experience here. We are responsible for the human experience and what happens the on the planet, because we are all, collectively, creating it.

That doesn’t mean that if we all collectively have a thought, it will manifest into existence right away, it. simply means mind influences matter in various ways that we don’t quite understand yet. If everybody thought the Earth was flat, would it actually be flat? These are the questions we are approaching as we move forward.

When our perception of reality changes, our reality begins to change. When we become aware of something, when we observe what is going on, and when we have paradigm-shifting revelations, these mental shifts bring about a physical change in our human experience. Even in our own individual lives, our emotional state, physical state, state of well being and how we perceive reality around us can also influence what type of human experience we create for ourselves. The experience can also change, depending on how you look at it.

Change the way you look at things, and the things you look at will change.

There is a very spiritual message that comes from quantum physics, and it’s not really an interpretation.

“Broadly speaking, although there are some differences, I think Buddhist philosophy and Quantum Mechanics can shake hands on their view of the world. We can see in these great examples the fruits of human thinking. Regardless of the admiration we feel for these great thinkers, we should not lose sight of the fact that they were human beings just as we are.

– The Dalai Lama (source)

As many of you reading this will know, 99.99 percent of an atom is empty space, but we’ve recently discovered that it’s actually not empty space, but is full of energy. This is not debatable and trivial, and we can now effectively use and harness that energy and turn it into electrical energy, which is exactly is discussed in this article if you go through the whole thing, it proves sufficient evidence. Read carefully.

Change Starts Within

When I think about this stuff, it really hits home that change does really start within, that we as human beings are co-creators, and together we can change this world any time we choose to do so. Metaphysics and spirituality represent the next scientific revolution, and it all boils down to humanity as a collective and as individuals finding our inner peace, losing our buttons so they can’t be pushed, and to just overall be good people.

Science can only take us so far, intuition, gut feelings, emotions and more will all be used to decipher truth more accurately in the future.

Today, we’ve lost our connection to spirituality, this connection was replaced long ago with belief systems have been given to us in the form of religion to the point where society is extremely separated when it comes to ‘what is.’ If we are all believing something different, and constantly arguing and conflicting instead of coming together and focusing on what we have in common to create a better world, then we have a problem….Especially if you think about the fact that we are all collectively co-creating.

We’ve been programmed to see the world a different way than what it actually is. We are living an illusion and quantum physics is one of many areas that can snap us out of that illusion if not restricted and conclusions labelled as mere interpretations.

I fail to realize how the spirituality emerging from quantum physics is a mere interpretation and see this as a tactic used by the elite to simply keep us in the same old world paradigm. I believe this is done deliberately.

Once we wake up and realize the power of human consciousness, we would be much more cautious of our thoughts, we would be much more focused on growing ourselves spirituality, and we would realize that greed, ego, fear and separation are completely useless and unnecessary.

Service to others is key, and it’s important that our planet and our ‘leadership’ here solely be focused on serving all of humanity. Right now, that’s not the case, but we are in the midst of a great change, one that has been taking place over a number of years, but on a cosmic scale, it’s happening in an instant. It’s interesting because the world is waking up to the illusions that have guided our actions, to the brainwashing, and to the false information.  Our collective consciousness is shifting, and we are creating a new human experience

We interviewed Franco DeNicola about what is happening with the shift in consciousness. It turned out to be one of the deepest and most important information we pulled out within an interview.

By Arjun Walia
From Collective Evolution

Posted by Sc13t4 in Consciousness, Mathematics, Space/Time, Theoretical Physics, 0 comments
A New Test for the Leading Big Bang Theory

A New Test for the Leading Big Bang Theory

Cosmologists have predicted the existence of an oscillating signal that could distinguish
between cosmic inflation and alternative theories of the universe’s birth.

The leading hypothesis about the universe’s birth — that a quantum speck of space became energized and inflated in a split second, creating a baby cosmos — solves many puzzles and fits all observations to date. Yet this “cosmic inflation” hypothesis lacks definitive proof. Telltale ripples that should have formed in the inflating spatial fabric, known as primordial gravitational waves, haven’t been detected in the geometry of the universe by the world’s most sensitive telescopes. Their absence has fueled underdog theories of cosmogenesis in recent years. And yet cosmic inflation is wriggly. In many variants of the idea, the sought-after ripples would simply be too weak to observe.

“The question is whether one can test the entire [inflation] scenario, not just specific models,” said Avi Loeb, an astrophysicist and cosmologist at Harvard University. “If there is no guillotine that can kill off some theories, then what’s the point?”

[Note from SCIET Dynamics- The “Big Bang” observations can be accounted for differently. Rather than a speck of matter, the origin was an intrusion of consciousness that expressed an energy from the center to the edge, which then defused throughout the area defined by the radius of the expression. The SCIET algorithm requires specific conditions to do this, but these conditions existed and continue to exist. This concept is not about inflation, but about consolidation within a limited space defined by the original expression. It is also necessary to dispel the idea that all the matter in the universe existed before the Big Bang, and instead embrace the idea that matter is created after the expression through the resonance of nonmaterial points with one another. This resonance continues at the heart of all matter today.]

In a new paper that appeared on the physics preprint site,, on Sunday, Loeb and two Harvard colleagues, Xingang Chen and Zhong-Zhi Xianyu, suggested such a guillotine. The researchers predicted an oscillatory pattern in the distribution of matter throughout the cosmos that, if detected, could distinguish between inflation and alternative scenarios — particularly the hypothesis that the Big Bang was actually a bounce preceded by a long period of contraction.

The paper has yet to be peer-reviewed, but Will Kinney, an inflationary cosmologist at the University at Buffalo and a visiting professor at Stockholm University, said “the analysis seems correct to me.” He called the proposal “a very elegant idea.”

“If the signal is real and observable, it would be very interesting,” Sean Carroll of the California Institute of Technology said in an email.

Any potential hints about the Big Bang are worth looking for, but the main question, according to experts, is whether the putative oscillatory pattern will be strong enough to detect. It might not be a clear-cut guillotine as advertised.If it does exist, the signal would appear in density variations across the universe. Imagine taking a giant ice cream scoop to the sky and counting how many galaxies wind up inside. Do this many times all over the cosmos, and you’ll find that the number of scooped-up galaxies will vary above or below some average. Now increase the size of your scoop. When scooping larger volumes of universe, you might find that the number of captured galaxies now varies more extremely than before. As you use progressively larger scoops, according to Chen, Loeb and Xianyu’s calculations, the amplitude of matter density variations should oscillate between more and less extreme as you move up the scales. “What we showed,” Loeb explained, is that from the form of these oscillations, “you can tell if the universe was expanding or contracting when the density perturbations were produced” — reflecting an inflationary or bounce cosmology, respectively.

Regardless of which theory of cosmogenesis is correct, cosmologists believe that the density variations observed throughout the cosmos today were almost certainly seeded by random ripples in quantum fields that existed long ago.

Because of quantum uncertainty, any quantum field that filled the primordial universe would have fluctuated with ripples of all different wavelengths. Periodically, waves of a certain wavelength would have constructively interfered, forming peaks — or equivalently, concentrations of particles. These concentrations later grew into the matter density variations seen on different scales in the cosmos today.

But what caused the peaks at a particular wavelength to get frozen into the universe when they did? According to the new paper, the timing depended on whether the peaks formed while the universe was exponentially expanding, as in inflation models, or while it was slowly contracting, as in bounce models.

If the universe contracted in the lead-up to a bounce, ripples in the quantum fields would have been squeezed. At some point the observable universe would have contracted to a size smaller than ripples of a certain wavelength, like a violin whose resonant cavity is too small to produce the sounds of a cello. When the too-large ripples disappeared, whatever peaks, or concentrations of particles, existed at that scale at that moment would have been “frozen” into the universe. As the observable universe shrank further, ripples at progressively smaller and smaller scales would have vanished, freezing in as density variations. Ripples of some sizes might have been constructively interfering at the critical moment, producing peak density variations on that scale, whereas slightly shorter ripples that disappeared a moment later might have frozen out of phase. These are the oscillations between high and low density variations that Chen, Loeb and Xianyu argue should theoretically show up as you change the size of your galaxy ice cream scoop.

These oscillations would also arise if instead the universe experienced a period of rapid inflation. In that case, as it grew bigger and bigger, it would have been able to fit quantum ripples with ever larger wavelengths. Density variations would have been imprinted on the universe at each scale at the moment that ripples of that size were able to form.The authors argue that a qualitative difference between the forms of oscillations in the two scenarios will reveal which one occurred. In both cases, it was as if the quantum field put tick marks on a piece of tape as it rushed past — representing the expanding or contracting universe. If space were expanding exponentially, as in inflation, the tick marks imprinted on the universe by the field would have grown farther and farther apart. If the universe contracted, the tick marks should have become closer and closer together as a function of scale. Thus Chen, Loeb and Xianyu argue that the changing separation between the peaks in density variations as a function of scale should reveal the universe’s evolutionary history. “We can finally see whether the primordial universe was actually expanding or contracting, and whether it did it inflationarily fast or extremely slowly,” Chen said.

David Kaplan explores the leading cosmological explanation for the origin of the universe.

Video: David Kaplan explores the leading cosmological explanation for the origin of the universe.

Filming by Petr Stepanek. Editing and motion graphics by MK12. Music by Pete Calandra and Scott P. Schreer.

Exactly what the oscillatory signal might look like, and how strong it might be, depend on the unknown nature of the quantum fields that might have created it. Discovering such a signal would tell us about those primordial cosmic ingredients. As for whether the putative signal will show up at all in future galaxy surveys, “the good news,” according to Kinney, is that the signal is probably “much, much easier to detect” than other searched-for signals called “non-gaussianities”: triangles and other geometric arrangements of matter in the sky that would also verify and reveal details of inflation. The bad news, though, “is that the strength and the form of the signal depend on a lot of things you don’t know,” Kinney said, such as constants whose values might be zero, and it’s entirely possible that “there will be no detectable signal.”

Posted by Sc13t4 in Astrophysics, Cosmology, Space/Time, The Void, Theoretical Physics, 0 comments
A Short History of the Missing Universe

A Short History of the Missing Universe

The cosmos plays hide-and-seek. Sometimes, though, even when astronomers have a hunch for where their prey might hide, it can take them decades of searching to confirm it. The case of the universe’s missing matter — a case that appears to now be closed, as I reported earlier this month — is one such instance. To me, it is a fascinating tale in which clever cosmological models drew a treasure map that took 20 years to explore.

The concept of matter in SCIET Dynamics is related to the formatting of space at the time of the FIRST ACTION, a moment when massive burst of energy was distributed throughout space, in fact this burst defined SPACE and its definition was made of the energy of the original burst. Matter was created from this, and so the remaining energy is the missing matter. SPACETIME has Mass.

Scientists knew back in the 1980s that they could observe only a fraction of the atomic matter — or baryons — in the universe. (Today we know that all baryons taken together are thought to make up about 5 percent of the universe — the rest is dark energy and dark matter.) They knew that if they counted up all the stuff they could see in the universe — stars and galaxies, for the most part — the bulk of the baryons would be missing.

But exactly how much missing matter there was, and where it might be hiding, were questions that started to sharpen in the 1990s. Around that time, astronomer David Tytler of the University of California, San Diego, came up with a way to measure the amount of deuterium in the light of distant quasars — the bright cores of galaxies with active black holes at their center — using the new spectrograph at the Keck telescope in Hawaii. Tytler’s data helped researchers understand just how many baryons were missing in today’s universe once all the visible stars and gas were accounted for: a whopping 90 percent.

These results set off a firestorm of controversy, fanned in part by Tytler’s personality. “He [insisted] he was right in spite of, at the time, a lot of seemingly contradictory evidence, and basically said everyone else was a bunch of idiots who didn’t know what they were doing,” said Romeel Dave, an astronomer at the University of Edinburgh. “Turns out, of course, he was right.”

Then in 1998, Jeremiah Ostriker and Renyue Cen, Princeton University astrophysicists, released a seminal cosmological model that tracked the history of the universe from its beginnings. The model suggested that the missing baryons were likely wafting about in the form of diffuse (and at the time undetectable) gas between galaxies.

As it happens, Dave could have been the first to tell the world where the baryons were, beating Ostriker and Cen. Months before their paper came out, Dave had finished his own set of cosmological simulations, which were part of his Ph.D. work at the University of California, Santa Cruz. His thesis on the distribution of baryons suggested that they might be lurking in the warm plasma between galaxies. “I didn’t really appreciate the result for what it was,” said Dave. “Oh well, win some, lose some.”

Dave continued to work on the problem in the years to follow. He envisioned the missing matter as hiding in ghostly threads of extremely hot and very diffuse gas that connect galaxy pairs. In astro-speak, this became the “warm-hot intergalactic medium,” or WHIM, a term that Dave coined.

Many astronomers continued to suspect that there might be some very faint stars in the outskirts of galaxies that could account for a significant chunk of the missing matter. But after many decades of searching, the number of baryons in stars, even the faintest ones that could be seen, amounted to no more than 20 percent.

More and more sophisticated instruments came online. In 2003, the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe measured the universe’s baryon density as it stood some 380,000 years after the Big Bang. It turned out to be the same density as indicated by the cosmological models. A decade later, the Planck satellite confirmed the number.

With the eventual failure to find hidden stars and galaxies that might be holding the missing matter, “attention turned toward gas in between the galaxies — the intergalactic medium distributed over billions of light years of low-density intergalactic space,” said Michael Shull, an astrophysicist at University of Colorado, Boulder. He and his team began searching for the WHIM by studying its effects on the light from distant quasars. Atoms of hydrogen, helium and heavier elements such as oxygen absorb the ultraviolet and X-ray radiation from these quasar lighthouses. The gas “steals a portion of light from the beam,” said Shull, leaving a deficit of light — an absorption line. Find the lines, and you’ll find the gas.

The most prominent absorption lines of hydrogen and ionized oxygen are at very short wavelengths, in the ultraviolet and X-ray portions of the spectrum. Unfortunately for astronomers (but fortunately for the rest of life on Earth), our atmosphere blocks these rays. In part to solve the missing matter problem, astronomers launched X-ray satellites to map this light. With the absorption line method, Shull said, scientists eventually “accounted for most, if not all, of the predicted baryons that were cooked up in the hot Big Bang.”

Other teams took different approaches, looking for the missing baryons indirectly. As my story from last week shows, three teams, including Shull’s, are now saying that all the baryons are accounted for.

But the WHIM is so faint, and the matter so diffuse, that it’s hard to definitely close the case. “Over the years, there have been many exchanges among researchers arguing for or against possible detections of the warm-hot intergalactic medium,” said Kenneth Sembach, director of the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore. “I suspect there will be many more. The recent papers appear to be another piece in this complex and interesting cosmic puzzle. I’m sure there will be more pieces to come, and associated debates about how best to fit these pieces together.”

Posted by Sc13t4 in Astrophysics, Cosmology, Space/Time, The Void, Theoretical Physics, 0 comments
The Puzzle of the First Black Holes

The Puzzle of the First Black Holes


  • In the very distant, ancient universe, astronomers can see quasars—extremely bright objects powered by enormous black holes. Yet it is unclear how black holes this large could have formed so quickly after the big bang.
  • To solve the mystery, scientists proposed a novel mechanism for black hole formation. Rather than being born in the deaths of massive stars, the seeds of the most ancient supermassive black holes might have collapsed directly from gas clouds.
  • Astronomers may be able to find evidence for direct-collapse black holes using the James Webb Space Telescope, due to launch in 2019, which should see farther back in space and time than any instrument before it.

[SCIET Dynamics Note] SCIET regards Black Holes
as openings to the original Void, revealed by the energy
of vortex motion from the spinning disk of matter.
Space is “sticky”, it adheres to itself because it consists of  layers
of  energetic interactions between  equidistant polarized regions ,
which exist at all units of distance.
At the same time all of these units descend from the
original first action (the “big bang”), meaning that they
are restrained from changing faster than the space around them,
or faster than the original first action (the first change).

Image Credit: Mark Ross- Illustrated as understood today, the idea that the black hole is the source of gravity that attracts all the matter around it may be mistaken. In SCIET Dynamics it is viewed as a “portal”. The black hole is actually an opening in the fabric of space created by the mass swirling around it that is the basis of all the physical affects associated with it. Could we tell the difference? If it is a vortex of matter, then it would indeed create a “hole”, just like a whirlpool or tornado creates a hole and the power it generates is concentrated in the matter at the edge of the hole.

By Priyamvada Natarajan on February 1, 2018 from Scientific American

Imagine the universe in its infancy. Most scientists think space and time originated with the big bang. From that hot and dense start the cosmos expanded and cooled, but it took a while for stars and galaxies to start dotting the sky. It was not until about 380,000 years after the big bang that atoms could hold together and fill the universe with mostly hydrogen gas. When the cosmos was a few hundred million years old, this gas coalesced into the earliest stars, which formed in clusters that clumped together into galaxies, the oldest of which appears 400 million years after the universe was born. To their surprise, scientists have found that another class of astronomical objects begins to appear at this point, too: quasars.

Quasars are extremely bright objects powered by gas falling onto supermassive black holes. They are some of the most luminous things in the universe, visible out to the farthest reaches of space. The most distant quasars are also the most ancient, and the oldest among them pose a mystery.

To be visible at such incredible distances, these quasars must be fueled by black holes containing about a billion times the mass of the sun. Yet conventional theories of black hole formation and growth suggest that a black hole big enough to power these quasars could not have formed in less than a billion years. In 2001, however, with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, astronomers began finding quasars that dated back earlier. The oldest and most distant quasar known, which was reported last December, existed just 690 million years after the big bang. In other words, it does not seem that there had been enough time in the history of the universe for quasars like this one to form.

Many astronomers think that the first black holes—seed black holes—are the remnants of the first stars, corpses left behind after the stars exploded into supernovae. Yet these stellar remnants should contain no more than a few hundred solar masses. It is difficult to imagine a scenario in which the black holes powering the first quasars grew from seeds this small.

To solve this quandary, a decade ago some colleagues and I proposed a way that seed black holes massive enough to explain the first quasars could have formed without the birth and death of stars. Instead these black hole seeds would have formed directly from gas. We call them direct-collapse black holes (DCBHs). In the right environments, direct-collapse black holes could have been born at 104 or 105 solar masses within a few hundred million years after the big bang. With this head start, they could have easily grown to 109 or 1010 solar masses, thereby producing the ancient quasars that have puzzled astronomers for nearly two decades.

The question is whether this scenario actually happened. Luckily, when the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) launches in 2019, we should be able to find out.


Black holes are enigmatic astronomical objects, areas where the gravity is so immense that it has warped spacetime so that not even light can escape. It was not until the detection of quasars, which allow astronomers to see the light emitted by matter falling into black holes, that we had evidence that they were real objects and not just mathematical curiosities predicted by Einstein’s general theory of relativity.

Most black holes are thought to form when very massive stars—those with more than about 10 times the mass of sun—exhaust their nuclear fuel and begin to cool and therefore contract. Eventually gravity wins, and the star collapses, igniting a cataclysmic supernova explosion and leaving behind a black hole. Astronomers have traditionally assumed that most of the black holes powering the first quasars formed this way, too. They could have been born from the demise of the universe’s first stars (Population III stars), which we think formed when primordial gas cooled and fragmented about 200 million years after the big bang. Population III stars were probably more massive than stars born in the later universe, which means they could have left behind black holes as hefty as several hundred solar masses. These stars also probably formed in dense clusters, so it is likely that the black holes created on their deaths would have merged, giving rise to black holes of several thousand solar masses. Even black holes this large, however, are far smaller than the masses needed to power the ancient quasars.

Theories also suggest that so-called primordial black holes could have arisen even earlier in cosmic history, when spacetime may have been expanding exponentially in a process called inflation. Primordial black holes could have coalesced from tiny fluctuations in the density of the universe and then grown as the universe expanded. Yet these seeds would weigh only between 10 and 100 solar masses, presenting the same problem as Population III remnants.

As an explanation for the first quasars, each of these pathways for the formation of black hole seeds has the same problem: the seeds would have to grow extraordinarily quickly within the first billion years of cosmic history to create the earliest quasars. And what we know about the growth of black holes tells us that this scenario is highly unlikely.

The SCIET approach is much simpler.
The original Black Holes are portals that are now “receivers”
for newer Black Holes and the matter spewing out of them
is simply being “portaled” there from the newer ones.
The concept of portals in SCIET Dynamics requires that an opening in the
fabric of space”  cannot accept matter into a different
frequency  since the rule of like interacts with like forces it to
interact with a matching frequency  regardless of physical proximity.
Thus the event horizon of a black hole matches the event horizon of another black hole,
and older ones exist at a slightly lower frequency.


Our current understanding of physics suggests that there is an optimal feeding rate, known as the Eddington rate, at which black holes gain mass most efficiently. A black hole feeding at the Eddington rate would grow exponentially, doubling in mass every 107 years or so. To grow to 109 solar masses, a black hole seed of 10 solar masses would have to gobble stars and gas unimpeded at the Eddington rate for a billion years. It is hard to explain how an entire population of black holes could continuously feed so efficiently.

In effect, if the first quasars grew from Population III black hole seeds, they would have had to eat faster than the Eddington rate. Surpassing that rate is theoretically possible under special circumstances in dense, gas-rich environments, and these conditions may have been available in the early universe, but they would not have been common, and they would have been short-lived. Furthermore, exceptionally fast growth can actually cause “choking,” where the radiation emitted during these super-Eddington episodes could disrupt and even stop the flow of mass onto the black hole, halting its growth. Given these restrictions, it seems that extreme feasting could account for a few freak quasars, but it cannot explain the existence of the entire detected population unless our current understanding of the Eddington rate and black hole feeding process is wrong.

Thus, we must wonder whether the first black hole seeds could have formed through other channels. Building on the work of several other research groups, my collaborator Giuseppe Lodato and I published a set of papers in 2006 and 2007 in which we proposed a novel mechanism that could have produced more massive black hole seeds from the get-go. We started with large, pristine gas disks that might otherwise have cooled and fragmented to give rise to stars and become galaxies. We showed that it is possible for these disks to circumvent this conventional process and instead collapse into dense clumps that form seed black holes weighing 104 to 106 solar masses. This outcome can occur if something interferes with the normal cooling process that leads to star formation and instead drives the entire disk to become unstable, rapidly funneling matter to the center, much like water flowing down a bathtub drain when you pull the plug.

Disks cool down more efficiently if their gas includes some molecular hydrogen—two hydrogen atoms bonded together—rather than atomic hydrogen, which consists of only one atom. But if radiation from stars in a neighboring galaxy strikes the disk, it can destroy molecular hydrogen and turn it into atomic hydrogen, which suppresses cooling, keeping the gas too hot to form stars. Without stars, this massive irradiated disk could become dynamically unstable, and matter would quickly drain into its center, rapidly driving the production of a massive, direct-collapse black hole. Because this scenario depends on the presence of nearby stars, we expect DCBHs to typically form in satellite galaxies that orbit around larger parent galaxies where Population III stars have already formed.

Simulations of gas flows on large scales, as well as the physics of small-scale processes, support this model for DCBH formation. Thus, the idea of very large initial seeds appears feasible in the early universe. And starting with seeds in this range alleviates the timing problem for the production of the supermassive black holes that power the brightest, most distant quasars.


But just because DCBH seeds are feasible does not mean they actually exist. To find out, we must search for observational evidence. These objects would appear as bright, miniature quasars shining through the early universe. They should be detectable during a special phase when the seed merges with the parent galaxy—and this process should be common, given that DCBHs probably form in satellites orbiting larger galaxies. A merger would give the black hole seed a copious new source of gas to eat, so the black hole should start growing rapidly. In fact, it would briefly turn into a special kind of quasar that outshines all the stars in the galaxy.

Credit: Amanda Montañez

These black holes will not only be brighter than their surrounding stars, they will also be heavier—a reversal of the usual order of things. In general, the stars in a galaxy outweigh the central black holes by about a factor of 1,000. After the galaxy hosting the DCBH merges with its parent galaxy, however, the mass of the growing black hole will briefly exceed that of the stars. Such an object, called an obese black hole galaxy (OBG), should have a very special spectral signature, particularly in the infrared wavelengths between one and 30 microns where the JWST’s Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI) and Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam) cameras will operate. This telescope will be the most powerful tool astronomers have ever had for peering into the earliest stages of cosmic history. If the telescope detects these obese black hole galaxies, it will provide strong evidence for our DCBH theory. Traditional black hole seeds, on the other hand, which derive from dead stars, are likely to be too faint for the JWST or other telescopes to see.

It is also possible that we might find other evidence for our theory. In the rare case that the parent galaxy that merges with the DCBH also hosts a central black hole, the two holes will collide and release powerful gravitational waves. These waves could be detectable by the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA), a European Space Agency/NASA mission expected to fly in the 2030s.


It is entirely possible that both the DCBH scenario and small seeds feeding at super-Eddington rates both occurred in the early universe. In fact, the initial black hole seeds probably formed via both these pathways. The question is, Which channel created the bulk of the bright ancient quasars that astronomers see? Solving this mystery could do more than just clear up the timeline of the early cosmos. Astronomers also want to understand more broadly how supermassive black holes affect the larger galaxies around them.

Data suggest that central black holes might play an important role in adjusting how many stars form in the galaxies they inhabit. For one thing, the energy produced when matter falls into the black hole may heat up the surrounding gas at the center of the galaxy, thus preventing cooling and halting star formation. This energy may even have far-reaching effects outside the galactic center by driving energetic jets of radiation outward. These jets, which astronomers can detect in radio wavelengths, could also heat up gas in outer regions and shut down star formation there. These effects are complex, however, and astronomers want to understand the details more clearly. Finding the first seed black holes could help reveal how the relation between black holes and their host galaxies evolved over time.

These insights fit into a larger revolution in our ability to study and understand all masses of black holes. When the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) made the first detection of gravitational waves in 2015, for instance, scientists were able to trace them back to two colliding black holes weighing 36 and 29 solar masses, the lightweight cousins of the supermassive black holes that power quasars. The project continues to detect waves from similar events, offering new and incredible details about what happens when these black holes crash and warp the spacetime around them. Meanwhile a project called the Event Horizon Telescope aims to use radio observatories scattered around Earth to image the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way. Scientists hope to spot a ringlike shadow around the black hole’s boundary that general relativity predicts will occur as the hole’s strong gravity deflects light. Any deviations the Event Horizon Telescope measures from the predictions of general relativity have the potential to challenge our understanding of black hole physics. In addition, experiments looking at pulsing stars called pulsar timing arrays could also detect tremors in spacetime caused by an accumulated signal of many collisions of black holes. And very soon the JWST will open up an entirely new window on the very first black holes to light up the universe.

Many revelations are in store in the very near future, and our understanding of black holes stands to be transformed.

This article was originally published with the title “The First Monster Black Holes”

Rights & Permissions


New Observational Constraints on the Growth of the First Supermassive Black Holes. E. Treister, K. Schawinski, M. Volonteri and P. Natarajan in Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 778, No. 2, Article No. 130; December 1, 2013.

Seeds to Monsters: Tracing the Growth of Black Holes in the Universe. Priyamvada Natarajan in General Relativity and Gravitation, Vol. 46, No. 5, Article No. 1702; May 2014.

Mapping the Heavens: The Radical Scientific Ideas That Reveal the Cosmos. Priyamvada Natarajan. Yale University Press, 2016.

Unveiling the First Black Holes with JWST: Multi-wavelength Spectral Predictions. Priyamvada Natarajan et al. in Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 838, No. 2, Article No. 117; April 1, 2017.

Posted by Sc13t4 in Astrophysics, Consciousness, Cosmology, Space/Time, The Void, Theoretical Physics, 0 comments


Introduction to by Billy Carson

In this blog I explore the various philosophical, spiritual and theoretical implications of a holofractographic worldview, with a focus on its relation to consciousness, biology, mysticism, physics and cosmology. Combined, these topics may be ascribed to the field of Cosmometry – the art of measuring the universe. Cosmometry is the study of the geometry of nature, and of the basic processes, patterns, structures and principles that dictate all creation.

Introduction from

Nature’s guiding principle

The fractal-holographic universe is a geometric understanding of reality and thus represents a divergence from the assumption of a universe composed of subatomic particles towards a recognition of nature’s underlying patterns. Both the inner and the outer world can thus be described as pattern-based systems through geometric shape, proportion or principle.

Geometry is the purest expression of mathematics and it communicates to both our emotional and logical mind – our right and left brain hemispheres. In this sense, geometry is an effective tool that allows us to comprehend both intellectually and emotionally the deeper universal principles fundamental to reality and our communion with Nature. Simultaneously, geometry is a concrete, mathematical way to formulate functional physics applicable through all forms of science and technology.

A basic premise in our explorations is that reality is a fractal-holographic phenomenon that arises in the synergetic interplay between dynamical and absolute energy. As such, dynamical energy is equivalent to conventional physics and consciousness – our familiar everyday reality including everything between heaven and earth. Absolute energy however is pure potential, perfect balance, unbounded existence and appertains to metaphysics – a transdimensional reality beyond space and time. Through a fractal-holographic model we describe the synergetic interactions between these and how cosmological and existential principles results in a continuous creation-process at all levels of being. This blog covers all of these aspects of nature and how they together conduct the cosmic symphony!

The Elements of a Fractal-Holographic Universe

What does “fractal-holographic” mean?

The romanesco cauliflower exhibits a distinct fractal geometry

Fractal simply means that the same basic pattern is repeated on all scales. Fractals are commonplace in nature and they’re particularly visible in organic growth and crystalline forms. Here’s an example:

Holographic means that the whole is represented within all points within a certain system. In a holographic photography information about the whole object is stored at every point of the holographic plate by means of light-based intereference patterns. Several emerging models of contemporary cosmology attempts to describe our universe holographically. This animation depicts a three-dimensional figure stored in a two-dimensional surface:

A holographic plate contains the totality of the picture in every point.

Consciousness – Energy – Information

It wasn’t until the advent of quantum mechanics and Heisenberg’s principle of uncertainty that we began to consider consciousness and energy as mutually intertwined. Currently there’s an increasing recognition across the sciences of the need to define the phenomena of consciousness within the framework of an astrophysical model; the observer plays an integral point of reference for any theory seeking to formulate meaningful physics. For the planet’s many wisdom traditions, however, this has been a basic premise for thousands of years; consciousness and energy as one. We’ll explore this field in more detail by analyzing the various principles fundamental to both energy and consciousness in their various forms. For all intents and purposes, within this blog, the two are regarded as synonyms – yet we distinguish between two different aspects of consciousness/energy; in its absolute and dynamical form. From the holographic perspective we may also understand both energy and consciousness as information. In its most elemental design reality can be considered as abstract information and from this perspective the human form and consciousness can be understood as boundlessly intertwined with space-time itself.

Man is a pattern in space-time rather than a separate particle.

Dynamic Energy

Dynamic energy equals the reality of our everyday life, we have a physical body and a life in this world. Everything we sense, think and feel is fluidly dynamic energy and this energy is perpetually in a state of expansion or contraction – on the way to or away from a point of stillness and balance. We can understand the geometry of this flow as a torus wherein information is circulated and recycled, absorbed and radiated in a continuous feed-back loop. In a fractal holographic universe this self-reflective dynamic is the foundation of all information processing, perception and conscious experience, and thus the premise of all forms of systemic evolution. The torus is visible in all independently organized energy systems in the universe, from atoms to galaxies to humans and represent energy in its dynamic aspect.

The Toroidal Universe

“The self in a toroidal Universe can be both separate and connected with everything else.” – Arthur M. Young

The torus is unique in the sense that:
– It’s centered by a point of stillness (singularity)
– It has a vertical axis of rotation at its center
– It receives and transmits energy while
– Is itself recyclable and self-powered and made of the same medium that acts in
– It distributes and share energy through themselves and their surroundings
– It exists both as an independent entity and as an integrated part of a larger whole

Absolute Energy

Fundamental to all matter and conscious experience is a unified field of absolute energy. In astrophysics this field is called the vacuum, the zero-point field or simply the singularity. Mathematical calculations indicate that it possesses an inexhaustible energy potential. We may understand the singularity in a metaphysical sense as Infinity itself in a state of total balance or as undifferentiated consciousness. Although metaphysical in concept it nonetheless makes itself apparent as the guiding principle behind all tangible form. The zero-point field rests in a state of complete equilibrium and may possess enormous energy-density without making itself visible though thermal radiation or distortion of space-time. Even though it’s everywhere it remains invisible to us, much like water to the fish in the ocean. We may understand this equilibrium geometrically as the “Vector Equilibrium” – a stable geometry of omnidirectional balance. The Vector Equilibrium, or cubeoctahedron, is the only geometric shape that exhibits perfect structural balance through identical vector and angular relationships. In this flawless equilibrium all gravity, radiation, temperature, pressure, thoughts, feelings cancels out leaving behind stillness and a perfect vacuum – pure metaphysical potential.

“The vector equilibrium is the zero starting point for all happenings or nonhappenings, it is the empty theater and circus empty and empty Universe, ready to accommodate any act and any audience” – Buckminster Fuller

Field Geometry

The interplay between energy in its absolute and dynamical form is the foundation of the Cosmic Symphony; all principles of creation arises in this meeting. These principles can again be understood geometrically as Phi spirals, golden proportions, fractals and holographic interference pattern. Based on these ideals Nature creates optimal economic efficiency of energy distribution, dynamical flow, organization, individuation and natural scaling of the infinite vacuum energy, resulting in the myriad of forms we see all around us. We’ll explore all of these aspects in detail elsewhere in this blog.

The seeds of a sunflower grows in a double phi-spiral. This same pattern is also apparent in the field geometry of space-time

Synergy and Resonance

Synergy is the mutual interaction between multiple elements in a system that produces an effect greater than the sum of their individual parts. Resonance is the ability of interacting systems to influence and reinforce each other’s natural frequency through their synchronised vibration and impulse.

We’ve now been introduced to the following three synergistic components of the fractal-holographic universe:

  • Torus dynamics – the primary form of energy in motion (swirls, spirals, vortex)
  • Vector matrix – underlying geometric vacuum structure and patterns based on perfect symmetry (vector equilibrium, cubeoctahedrons, isotropic metric, crystalline forms)
  • Field Geometry – wave interactions, resonance and holographic interference patterns created through the interaction of the vector matrix and toroidal dynamics (imagine overlapping rings in water)

Although we can differentiate these components as unique, independently arising forms, they are nevertheless aspects of a single, unified whole. Below are the geometric principles of the fractal-holographic model illustrated in its most idealized and balanced form. This form is fundamental to how absolute energy unfolds into defined shape and three-dimensional space: it is both a symbol and a concrete depiction of infinity in balance and of astrophysical principles fundamental to our universe.


The Cosmometry Project
The Cosmometry Project is an initiative of Marshall Lefferts and its overall vision is to bring together the various aspects of cosmic geometry to an overall whole that supports our understanding and application of this knowledge. Many of the core ideas in this page originates from his work. Visit the site for more exciting information about basic cosmometric principles.

The Resonance Project
The Resonance Project, based in Hawaii, is an organization founded by Nassim Haramein and serves as a center for education and scientific research on unified field physics (Unified Field Theory) and cosmometry. Harameins work on the Holofractograhpic Universe is our main frame of reference within this blog.

Posted by Sc13t4 in Biology, Consciousness, Cosmology, Design, Theoretical Physics, 0 comments
Scientists Find Fractal Patterns and Golden Ratio Pulses in Stars

Scientists Find Fractal Patterns and Golden Ratio Pulses in Stars

A recent article in Scientific American has reported the discovery that fractal patterns and the golden ratio have been discovered in outer space for the very first time. Researchers from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa have been studying a specific kind of stars called RR Lyrae variables using the Kepler Space Telescope. Unlike normal stars, they expand and contract, causing their brightness to adjust dramatically, and in so doing create pulsations.

But the pulsations aren’t random or arbitrary.  They are pulsating in accordance with the golden mean.  We have seen the golden ratio turn up in nature all the time, but this is the first time it has ever been identified in space.

“Unlike our Sun, RR Lyrae stars shrink and swell, causing their temperatures and brightness to rhythmically change like the frequencies or notes in a song,” Dr Lindner, the lead Researcher, explained. It’s the ratio between this swelling and shrinking that is so important.

They have been studying the pulsations of these stars, and several of them have been pulsating frequencies nearly identical to the Golden Ratio. These specific stars are called “Golden RR Lyrae Variables.”

“We call these stars ‘golden’ because the ratio of two of their frequency components is near the golden mean, which is an irrational number famous in art, architecture, and mathematics,” Dr Lindner said.

The Golden Mean

The Golden Mean or Ratio, (1.61803398875…) is a pattern that is absolutely essential to the understanding of nature, as its found in everything from sunflowers, to succulents, to sea shells, and is commonly referred to in the study of Sacred Geometry.

The Golden Ratio was essential to Da Vinci’s Vitruvian Man, can be found in studying the Pyramids of Egypt, the Parthenon, and several researches believe they have correlated it to the understanding of the human genome and unlocking the codes in our DNA.

The Golden Ratio or Divine Proportion, when plotted numerically, creates a sequence that emerges what we can see as a Fractal Pattern.  Metaphysicians and Modern Physicians for the last 15-years have been avidly suggesting that the study of fractal patterns can lead us to a greater understanding of the Universe, and a Unified Field within it that very likely may be at play in structuring the Universe.

“The golden stars are actually the first examples outside of a laboratory of what’s called “strange nonchaotic dynamics.” The “strange” here refers to a fractal pattern, and nonchaotic means the pattern is orderly, rather than random. Most fractal patterns in nature, such as weather, are chaotic, so this aspect of the variable stars came as a surprise.” Reported an article in Scientific American.

These RR Lyrae variable stars are at their youngest over 10 billion years old and their brightness can vary by 200 percent over half a day. This makes it a bit challenging to study from Earth due to our day-night cycle. It’s the variation itself causing this mathematical phenomenon.

Plato had theorized that the Universe as a whole is simply a resonance of the “Music or Harmony of the Spheres.” This new study may provide deeper insights to pairing the Philosophies & Spiritual Sciences offered throughout the ages with modern Astronomy, and how we may understand the underlying elegance of nature as a whole.

While some of these stars pulsate with a single frequency, observations confirm that others pulsate with multiple frequencies.

“Just as flamboyant rock stars deliver pulsating rhythmic beats under their song melodies, so, too, do these variable stars,” said Dr Lindner.

Posted by Sc13t4 in Astrophysics, Cosmology, Design, Mathematics, Space/Time, Theoretical Physics, 0 comments
Beyond Quantum Physics: The Next Giant Leap for Science is Approaching Fast

Beyond Quantum Physics: The Next Giant Leap for Science is Approaching Fast

The quote below  is a great example that lets the reader know one thing; that new information and evidence which challenge long held beliefs about our world are always met with harsh criticism. Remember when we found out that the Earth wasn’t flat? Human history shows the same pattern, especially if we look at the history of science.

“Despite the unrivalled empirical success of quantum theory, the very suggestion that it may be literally true as a description of nature is still greeted with cynicism, incomprehension and even anger.”
(T. Folger, “Quantum Shmantum”; Discover 22:37-43, 2001)

Take, for example, prominent physicist Lord Kelvin, who stated in the year 1900 that, “There is nothing new to be discovered in physics now. All that remains is more and more precise measurement.” 

It wasn’t long after this statement when Einstein published his paper on special relativity. Einstein’s theories challenged the accepted framework of knowledge at the time, and forced the scientific community to open up to an alternate view of reality.

It serves as a great example of how concepts that are taken to be absolute truth are susceptible to change.

Today, something special in science is happening. It’s the recognition that what we perceive to be our physical material world is not the only world, and non-material factors like consciousness, for example, may play a vital role in the make-up of our physical material world.

In the scientific community, it’s referred to as non-material science.

Other areas of study in this field include telepathy, clairvoyance, ESP, and more. These are topics that have been studied within black budget and at the highest levels of government for decades, yet at the same time ridiculed by mainstream science, despite extremely significant statistical results.

I definately resonate with the words below, found on this document. Intelligence agencies have a long history of keeping tabs on what goes on with this stuff.  It’s what inspired me to the title I did for the article, because quantum physics leaks into this type of phenomenon, and a quantum perspective is what’s needed to understand them. 

This area is usually referred to as “psi” phenomena, or parapsychological phenomenon.

It’s interesting because as far back as 1999, statistics professor Jessica Utts at UC Irvine, published a paper showing that parapsychological experiments have produced much stronger results than those showing a daily dose of aspirin helping to prevent heart attacks. Utts also showed that these results are much stronger than the research behind various drugs like antiplatelets, for example.

This is precisely why Nikola Tesla told the world that,

“The day science begins to study non-physical phenomena, it will make more progress in one decade than in all the previous centuries of its existence”

Hundreds of scientists are gathering to emphasize this, and are not really getting the attention they deserve. All of our academia and real-world applications come from material science. This is great, but it’s time to take the next leap. How can we continue to ignore facts and results simply because they defy the belief systems of so many people?

A group of internationally recognized scientists have come together to stress the fact that matter (protons, electrons, photons, anything that has a mass) is not the only reality. We wish to understand the nature of our reality, but how can we do so if we are continually examining only physical systems? What about the role of non-physical systems such as consciousness, or their interaction with physical systems (matter)?

Expanding Reality, A Ground Breaking Trilogy Film Series

You can purchase the film here.

“Expanding Reality is about the emerging postmaterialist paradigm and the next great scientific revolution. Why is it important? Because this paradigm has far-reaching implications. For instance, it re-enchants the world and profoundly alters the vision we have of ourselves, giving us back our dignity and power as human beings. The postmaterialist paradigm also fosters positive values such as compassion, respect, care, love, and peace, because it makes us realize that the boundaries between self and others are permeable. In doing so, this paradigm promotes an awareness of the deep interconnection between ourselves and Nature at large. In that sense, the model of reality associated with the postmaterialist paradigm may help humanity to create a sustainable civilization and to blossom.” – Mario Beauregard, PhD, from the University of Arizona

These people have exhausted their own resources in order to make Expanding Reality for the world, show your support by purchasing the movie HERE. You won’t be disappointed.

Important Points

Here is a list of points were co-authored by:  Dr. Gary Schwartz, professor of psychology, medicine, neurology, psychiatry, and surgery at the University of Arizona, Mario Beauregard, PhD, from the University of Arizona, and Lisa Miller, PhD, from Columbia University. It was presented at an international summit on post-materialist science, spirituality, and society.

The Summary Report of the International Summit on Post-Materialist Science, Spirituality and Society can be downloaded here: International Summit on Post-Materialist Science: Summary Report (PDF).

“Get over it, and accept the inarguable conclusion. The universe is immaterial-mental and spiritual.” (“The Mental Universe” ; Nature 436:29,2005)

 First seen:
Posted by Sc13t4 in Atomic, Design, Mathematics, Space/Time, Theoretical Physics, 0 comments